In consideration of the many other disciplinary fields that remain unexplored in the 21st century, the Department of Materials and Synchrotron Radiation Engineering is the first organization within Japan, which is promoting research and education activities that are based on science which combines materials with synchrotron radiation. The Department established the high-minded philosophies of the “creation and control of new functional materials” and the “establishment of innovative Synchrotron Radiation technology that enables the creation and control of materials.” For the 2015 academic year, the two conventional organizations of the Department of Materials Science and the Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry were reorganized into one Department that utilizes an integrated education system involving both the Undergraduate School and the Graduate School. The Basic Materials Division aims to identify the universal properties of materials, and consists of seven research groups: the Metallography Research Group, the Materials Design Research Group, the Mechanical Metallurgy Research Group, the Semiconductor Materials and Nano-Devices Research Group, the Metal Physics Research Group, the Applied Quantum Physics Research Group and the Functional Materials Engineering Research Group. Scientific techniques will be used by the Department to combine atoms with molecules, which are the basic elements of materials, and develop material structures that have new properties in thus discovering new functions. The Department provides education and research programs that nurture talented human resources who can create advanced functional materials using nano- and micro technologies, and devices that can be part of new industrial fields. The Basic Synchrotron Radiation Division[Laboratory of Advanced Science and Technology for Industry]s composed of five research groups that are involved in collaborative research with industry:[Beam Physics], applied research that uses an accelerator and polarized gamma-ray beams and terahertz light beams to search for new light sources;[Advanced Photon System, material analysis that uses synchrotron radiation;[Nanostructure Science and Technology],nano-imprinting technology;[Nano-Microsystem Technology], nanoscale and micro-scale fabrication system and its application; andSynchrotron Radiation Nano Engineering], research and development of basic technologies for use in extreme ultra violet lithography. The Department’s primary research facility is the [NewSUBARU Synchrotron Radiation Facility](located within the SPring-8 site, with research using synchrotron radiation having commenced in 2000), which has a 1.5GeV accumulated electron ring. Light beams in the ultra violet regions from Soft X-ray regions are being used to research and develop new synchrotron radiation sources, next-generation semiconductor manufacturing technologies, new materials, and Nano-/Micro-system technologies utilizing the LIGA process, as well as analyze materials via synchrotron radiation. As described above, the Department of Materials and Synchrotron Radiation Engineering has the world’s most advanced education and research programs in the field, and is strongly promoting research and development activities that can lead to the creation of new industries.